The Sun

Explore The Mysteries of The Sun:

The Sun is the central part of the solar system around which all the planets revolve. It formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago from a gravitational cloud containing gases and dust that collapsed, leading to the formation of a dense core, eventually becoming the Sun. The Sun is a giant star with a size of 1.4 million kilometers. The solar system comprises eight planets that orbit around it. The closest planet is Mercury, while the farthest is Neptune. The Sun is located 93 million miles away from Earth, but despite this distance, it appears significantly large in our view. Its diameter is approximately 864,000 miles, making it about 100 times larger than Earth. To put it in perspective, if we were to combine 100 Earths, they would be equivalent to the size of one Sun.

The Sun is also referred to as the hottest celestial body. If we compare its heat to the fire present on Earth, the flames on Earth, even with a slight touch, can cause burning with temperatures ranging from 800 to 1200 degrees Celsius. In contrast, the temperature of the Sun is much higher, ranging from 5500 to 5600 degrees Celsius. This extreme heat has made it impossible for any astronaut to approach the Sun so far.

Is the Sun White or Yellow:

When it comes to the color of the Sun, there is a common misconception that it is yellow, but, in reality, the Sun is white. However, it appears yellow to us on Earth due to the Earth’s atmosphere, which scatters sunlight and makes it appear yellow.

Exactly, sunlight is composed of seven colors, and when white light is dispersed through an experiment, it separates into these seven colors. This dispersion is the reason why sunlight is considered white rather than yellow, as it contains a spectrum of colors.

Composition of The Sun:

The Sun, which appears as a spherical object to us, is composed of various gases. It consists of approximately 91% hydrogen, 8.9% helium, and 0.1% other gases, including carbon dioxide and nitrogen. The heat and light produced by the Sun result from a process called nuclear fusion.

Before delving into how nuclear fusion occurs in the Sun, it’s important to understand the difference between fission and fusion. Fission is the splitting of a nucleus into smaller parts, while fusion is the combining of two nuclei to form a larger one. Now, the Sun’s energy is generated through nuclear fusion processes happening within its core.

So, fission occurs when a nucleus splits, while fusion occurs when two nuclei come together. In the Sun, fusion takes place between hydrogen atoms. Every second, the Sun undergoes a staggering 600 million tons of hydrogen nuclear fusion, converting hydrogen into helium. This continuous process is what makes the Sun incredibly hot and bright.

Importance of The Sun:

The Sun is not just a source of light or heat; it is essential for activities that make life on Earth possible. It performs thousands of functions beyond providing light and heat.

Solar Energy:

The light and rays from the Sun play a role in generating eco-friendly and sustainable electricity on Earth. Solar panels absorb sunlight and convert it into electricity. Additionally, flat plate collectors, often installed on building roofs, absorb solar energy. Solar power is also utilized in spaceships and satellites. Nowadays, many people are using solar fans, solar lights, and even transforming street lights into solar-powered ones. This not only helps save on expensive electricity bills but also contributes to maintaining a cleaner environment.


Life on Earth is not possible without plants; they are a crucial part of the ecosystem, essential for animals, humans, and the environment. However, it’s important to know that plants are alive because of the Sun. Plants produce their own food through a process called photosynthesis. In this process, sunlight is crucial, and without it, photosynthesis cannot occur, leading to the disappearance of plants from Earth.


Earth receives light from two celestial bodies: during the day from the Sun and at night from the Moon. The Moon, which shines brightly at night, is considered a beautiful celestial body, and it plays a role in determining Islamic dates. If the Sun were to stop illuminating the Moon, this beautiful celestial body would turn into a dark, unattractive sphere, making the night sky completely dark. This absence of light from the Moon could also pose difficulties in celestial navigation.

Light and Warmth:

The Sun serves as a natural source of light, heat, and warmth. Each morning, we witness a bright day, and after starting our day, we engage in various activities, all of which begin after the sunrise. Without the Sun, darkness would prevail everywhere. The Sun maintains a balanced warmth on Earth, and its sunlight provides a soothing feel in winters, beaches, and parks. In countries where sunlight is scarce, people eagerly await its appearance. When the sun finally emerges, they celebrate with picnics and outings, highlighting the significant importance of the Sun in our lives.


When it rains, and the sunrays break through, we get to witness a beautiful miracle of nature that captivates everyone, from children to adults – the rainbow. Sunlight is not just a yellow or white light; it carries within it seven beautiful colors that manifest in the form of a rainbow. Therefore, if there were no sun or sunrays, the phenomenon of a rainbow wouldn’t exist.

Gravitational Force:

In the solar system, there are planets, moons, asteroids, and comets, but have we ever wondered why all these celestial bodies are perfectly stable? The answer lies in the Sun, whose gravitational force keeps these planets, moons, asteroids, and comets in stable positions. If the Sun were absent, the entire solar system and everything within it would be at risk of destruction, potentially leading to the demise of each planet. The Sun’s gravitational influence plays a crucial role in maintaining the stability of the celestial bodies within the solar system.


The climate changes on Earth are primarily driven by the Sun. Seasons, wind patterns, evaporation, rain, and temperature variations all occur because of the Sun. If the Sun were absent, there would be no climate on Earth.

Excessive Cold:

Earth receives heat and warmth from the Sun, and the summer season is also a result of the Sun’s influence. If the Sun were absent, temperatures worldwide would significantly decrease, leading to the devastation of animals, humans, plants, and marine life.

Source of Vitamin D:

We receive a crucial vitamin from the Sun known as Vitamin D. Vitamin D plays a vital role in absorbing calcium, promoting good heart and mental health. It strengthens our bones, which is why many people, particularly, go to parks and rooftops to absorb sunlight for Vitamin D.

Everything in our nature and universe plays a crucial and important role, similar to how every part of the human body, from fingers to feet, holds significance. Just like the human body, even a small change in our nature or the universe can lead to significant impacts.




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