Diverse Categories Of Climate

Types Of Climate:

Humans live on the planet Earth,Earth is a planet where human life is possible and reason is because it has all of those things which are necessary for human.Climate is one of those,the weather changes which we often feel is the climate but climate is the long term change not within day and weeks.There are diverse types of climate which are discussed below;

1.Tropical Climate:

Tropical climate, observed regionally in the Tropic Region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, is characterized by a combination of wet and dry conditions. Three key factors contribute to forming the tropical climate in this region.

  • Tropical rainforest
  • Savannah forest
  • Monsoon type

Tropical Rainforest:

In the tropical climate, the first category is the tropical rainforest, also known as evergreen forests. Here, trees are tall, dense, and have extensive foliage. Heavy rainfall occurs throughout the year, and due to the proximity to the equator, there is abundant sunlight. The temperature ranges from 25° to 30°C. Convectional rainfall is common, and the broad leaves of the trees, coupled with continuous rainfall, result in lush landscapes. The trees’ extensive canopy limits sunlight penetration, leading to low surface growth. Cloudy weather is prevalent in this region.

Savannah Forest:

The Savannah forest, also known as Sudan type climate or tropical grassland, is located between 7° to 20° north and south latitudes. Water availability is a limiting factor here, causing trees to be scattered at a distance from each other, with deep roots to access underground water. Rainfall ranges from 25 to 150 cm, and grasses can grow up to 4.5m. Abundant sunlight contributes to excessive heat. When fires occur due to the heat, grasses quickly regrow, but if trees are affected by fire, it takes years for them to regenerate.

Monsoon Type:

This falls under the tropical climate and is also known as the Indian type forest. It is found between 10° to 25° north and south latitudes. In the Northern Hemisphere, there are three seasons: hot, cool, and rainy, while in the Southern Hemisphere, there are two seasons: winter and summer. When it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, it is summer in the Southern Hemisphere.

2.Dry Climate:

Dry climate is divided into two types: desert climate and steppe climate.

Desert Climate:

Desert climate is formed due to the presence of deserts, which result from a lack of rainfall. The primary formation is influenced by cold currents, predominantly found on the west side. These cold currents bring dryness, leading to minimal rainfall and the formation of deserts. Desert climates are typically located in the tropic region between 15°-30° north and south latitudes, mainly on the western side of continents. Only thorny plants, such as cactus, thrive in these regions. The temperature is high, and rainfall is nearly nonexistent.

Steppe Climate:

Steppe climate is found in the interior of continents. The climate here is dry and semi-arid, and these regions are situated in the temperate zone. Steppe areas are characterized by barren grasses and shrubs, with a lack of trees, earning them the name “flat grassland.” They are mostly found in Eurasia and are often referred to as the “granaries of the world”.

3.Temperate Climate:

In temperate climate, two notable subtypes are the Mediterranean Climate and temperate grasslands, which are discussed below.

Mediterranean Climate:

The Mediterranean Climate is found in the temperate zone, which begins immediately after the tropic region. Due to this, the temperature here remains quite high. It is mostly located on the western side of continents and is relatively rare on Earth. This climate is caused by the seasonal shift of winds when different types of winds prevail. Xerophytic plants, capable of withstanding high temperatures and surviving without much rain or water, are prevalent in this region. During the summer in the Mediterranean Climate, there is little to no rainfall.

Temperate Grassland:

Temperate grasslands are also known as the “food granaries of the world.” They are located on Earth between 40°-50° north and south latitudes and receive rainfall during the summer. Situated in the interior of continents, the grasses that grow in these regions are highly nutritious, often referred to as alpha-alpha grass. In America, temperate grasslands are called Prairies, while in Argentina, they are known as Pampas.

4.Taiga Climate:

Taiga” is derived from the Russian word meaning forest. Taiga forests are found only in high northern latitudes, typically between 60°-70° north. They are also referred to as coniferous forests because the trees in this region have a cone shape. The trees in Taiga are utilized in the paper industry. Due to their northern location, Taiga experiences long winters lasting 6 to 7 months, with the remaining months being summer.

5.Tundra Climate:

“Tundra” refers to treeless plains, characterized by extremely low temperatures and snow-capped regions where trees are nearly absent. This climate is found in polar regions, such as the Arctic Circle and Antarctica. People residing in these areas are often called Eskimos, and they build and live in igloos. Tundra regions experience phenomena like the midnight sun and polar nights.


In this way, climate varies significantly, and climate has a considerable impact on our lives. Nowadays, due to increasing pollution, our climate is undergoing changes, and to control this, we need to gain control over pollution.Its the responsibility of human that the Earth kn which we can live has to be treated well so that it would be beneficial for us too.



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