Dive Into Water Pollution

What is pollution?

For a person, the most important thing is their health, whether it’s mental, physical, internal, or external. When humans consume food, they take care of its cleanliness because clean and healthy food is good for our health. We pay full attention to our appearance, ensuring cleanliness in our hair, teeth, feet, nails, face, hands, and body.

But have we thought about how our surroundings are impacting our internal and mental health? Just as we pay attention to external cleanliness, internal health cleanliness is equally essential. Unfortunately, the rapidly spreading pollution around us is causing considerable harm internally, and we may not even be aware of the extent of its impact.

Pollution is a significant issue that requires urgent attention. We unknowingly inhale a considerable amount of pollution in our daily lives. This pollution has become a crucial factor in the increasing prevalence of diseases. It doesn’t only affect humans but also harms birds, animals, plants, and fish. Moreover, pollution can be a long-term cause of deaths that cannot be taken for granted.

The bitter reality is that pollution is not decreasing day by day; instead, it is on the rise, leading to a surge in health issues. There are various types of pollution, but one of the most crucial is water pollution. Let’s delve into it.

Water Pollution:

There is no need to explain the importance of water for humans, animals, birds, and fish. Water is obtained from rivers, lakes, glaciers, seas, and oceans, and it is the essential element for the survival of all living things. Unfortunately, the alarming fact is that pollution is increasing rapidly in water, especially in urban areas. Water naturally gets polluted, and human activities also contribute to this pollution. However, mostly humans play the most significant role in polluting water. Following are the main causes of water pollution.

Causes of Water Pollution :

Acid rain:

Acid rain occurs when clouds are formed from pure water and react with nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide, which are harmful chemicals present in the atmosphere due to human activities. When rain falls from these clouds, it enters water bodies, and that water is what we use. This phenomenon is called acid rain, which is detrimental not only to humans but also to aquatic life. Species living underwater suffer significantly due to the adverse effects of acid rain.

Industrial discharges:

Industries use chemicals in their manufacturing processes, and when these chemicals are discharged as water waste, they mix with rivers and water bodies, causing harm to aquatic life. Industries also use water for cooling processes, and when heated water is released, it becomes harmful to aquatic life again. Sometimes, industries use heavy metals that can be dangerous for marine life.

Waste disposal in water bodies:

When we visit seas, rivers, lakes, and oceans, our main purpose is to enjoy nature, feel the cool and clean air, and find peace. Some people go on picnics to these sea points. However, if the place we go for tranquility is filled with garbage and waste, it not only affects us mentally but also poses a significant risk when dirty water enters our bodies. Humans contribute to polluting these water bodies, which are the main source of water, by dumping waste and garbage, leading to an increase in water pollution. This, in turn, adversely affects marine life, causing fish to become contaminated. When we consume these fish, we intake numerous diseases along with them.

Oil spills of watercrafts:

In oceans and seas, many ships pass through, and they use oils to fuel their engines. When these oils spill or leak, they are released into water bodies. A layer of these oils forms in the water, preventing sunlight and oxygen from reaching the water below. This has a significant impact on marine life as their gills get blocked, affecting reproduction. Additionally, when seabirds come into contact with the oil layer on the water, it also adversely affects their health.

Effects Of Water Pollution:

The abundance in which water is consumed has various harmful effects due to water pollution, not only on drinking water but also indirectly affecting us. Firstly, the primary impact of water pollution occurs on marine life and the ecosystem. Fishes underwater die, leading to water becoming polluted. Animals that consume these fishes also become sick. The second effect is on humans because we are drinking water, and if it’s not pure, it can cause typhoid, diarrhea, fever, viruses, digestive system issues, and many other diseases. Another important effect is on the quality of soils in agriculture when polluted water is used, affecting the growth of crops.

Solutions Of Water Pollution:

Firstly, industries need to use environmentally friendly raw materials and establish separate disposal areas where all waste can be collectively stored and then appropriately disposed of, focusing on energy efficiency and waste reduction.

Secondly, there should be strict regulations at sea view points to prevent any form of garbage dumping into water bodies, and an increased number of dustbins should be provided.

Public awareness campaigns should be conducted through visits to schools, colleges, universities, and institutes, educating people about different methods to prevent water pollution.

Furthermore, watercraft should be made environmentally friendly to ensure no adverse impact on the health of marine life and seabirds.


Water, which we consume daily, is essential for the survival of all living organisms. The purity of this precious resource is crucial. Cleaning such large water bodies is challenging for an individual, but we can certainly address the causes of pollution resulting from human activities and take steps to prevent them.


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