Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence,whose name is on every tongue , ruling over every device, swiftly solving problems within seconds. But before understanding its merits and demerits, we need to grasp what Artificial Intelligence is.

Humans, equipped with a brain, can perform numerous tasks such as problem-solving, decision-making, memorization, adaptability, and analysis. The desire is to create machines with these capabilities to simplify our tasks, allowing us to efficiently perform challenging tasks in less time. Humans infuse intelligence into these machines, known as Artificial Intelligence or man-made thinking power. Actually, it began in the 1940s, evolving as humans input more and better data. Humans train these machines using mathematics and algorithms to think similarly to humans, allowing them to perform tasks correctly. Artificial intelligence can think just like humans.

Types Of Artificial Intelligence:

There are three major types of AI which are ;

  1. Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
  2. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
  3. Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI):

Narrow AI is a type of Artificial Intelligence designed for a specific task. It can only perform the task it has been trained for by humans. It is also referred as weak AI because it cannot handle multiple tasks. So far, all the AIs developed are narrow AI, created for specific purposes. For example, Siri, available on iPhones, recognizes human voices and performs tasks like setting alarms, playing songs, providing weather updates, setting reminders, and controlling smart home devices if present. Another example of Narrow AI is Google Assistant, which recognizes voice commands to send messages, translate languages, and provide information.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI):

Artificial General Intelligence is a highly complex type of AI, and scientific research is currently underway in this field. It is also known as strong AI. AGI refers to machines that are entirely like humans, possessing the ability to perform multiple tasks just like a human. Just as humans can handle various tasks simultaneously, such as problem-solving, cooking, cleaning, and reading, these machines can outperform humans and learn new things efficiently.

Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI):

Super Intelligence is the type of AI that doesn’t practically exist, it is the AI that can perform human tasks at an advanced and highly efficient level. It surpasses even Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).

How is AI helpful?

AI brings daily transformations that prove highly advantageous for humans. Its integration is now prevalent across various fields, offering following numerous benefits;

• AI is used in healthcare to determine the number of patients in the waiting area, the duration of their wait, the availability of beds, and even aids in diagnosing diseases by analyzing X-ray reports.

• Chatbots, widely adopted by apps, serve in customer services, replacing the need for human interaction in solving problems and providing information.

• AI tools now allow quick conversion of text into images, illustrations, and animations, benefiting YouTubers, logo designers, and other professionals in need of visual content.

• Virtual avatars can be created using AI, allowing humans to upload content without revealing their faces or voices.

• Restaurants and hotel management benefit from AI by using robots for customer service, order recommendations, and even assistance in food preparation.

• There are now tools in AI that, using the voice of one or more singers, can generate songs.

• Supermarkets utilize AI robots to inform customers about available products, stock levels, and other relevant information, enhancing the overall shopping experience.

• AI-powered machines handle household chores efficiently, including cleaning, dusting, washing dishes, laundry, sweeping, and mopping, reducing human effort and errors.

• AI is increasingly employed across various sectors such as business, education, entertainment, creativity, construction, management, and household chores.

• ChatGPT, launched in November 2022, serves as an advanced chatbot capable of generating content like emails, letters, essays, articles, scripts for dramas or films, and even writing songs within seconds. It offers numerous benefits for users

Dark side of AI:

Just as AI has numerous merits, it also has a dark side, discussing how AI can be dangerous for humans in the future.

The way AI is advancing, its use is also rapidly increasing. However, we fail to realize that when everyone starts relying on AI, they might stop using their brains. While AI is aiding in education, it may hinder students’ thinking abilities as they might lose interest in learning skills AI can perform.

AI is replacing many jobs, and the day is not far when institutes will have only AI robots, leaving people jobless at home. The most harmful demerit of AI is causing unemployment.

Deep fakes, created with the help of AI, are videos where the voice and visuals are so realistic that it becomes challenging to distinguish between the original and fake. This feature should not be taken for granted, as it could become a reason for various conflicts and wars.

Chatbots can also prove detrimental for humans. People may become so involved in interacting with chatbots that social interactions decrease, and everyone might prefer talking to AI.

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